Where is The Estrogen Found?
Estrogen is a hormone naturally produced by the ovaries and other female reproductive organs. It is also manufactured as a medication, which is commercially known as estrogen replacement therapy or combined estrogen and progestogen therapy. Estrogen medications are available in many forms including the oral form as well as injections, patches, and vaginal rings.
There are two basic categories of estrogen therapies:
Estrogen Replacement Therapy (ERT) – In this kind of treatment women take synthetic hormones to replace those that have been lost due to menopause. This type of treatment has been used for more than 50 years for a variety of symptoms associated with menopause such as hot flushes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, headache, mood swings, etc.
Combined estrogen and progestogen therapy :
In this kind of treatment, synthetic estrogen is used with a synthetic version of a hormone called progestin that serves to mimic the naturally released progesterone in women during the second phase of their menstrual cycle.
This type of treatment is prescribed for women who have not had surgery to remove the uterus (a hysterectomy) or those whose uterus has been removed but still produce some male hormones (androgens).
Estrogen medications such as conjugated estrogen (Premarin), estradiol, and esterified estrogens (Estratab) are available by prescription only. However, topical forms of estrogen can be obtained over-the-counter without a prescription; these include vaginal creams, vaginal tablets, and vaginal rings.
From where is estrogen administered?
Estrogen products are available in various forms:
Topical products include vaginal creams or vaginal tablets or rings that release estrogen into the body through the skin. Oral products such as tablets, capsules that are taken by mouth and absorbed in the intestines
The injection form of estrogen-like estradiol (Estrace) must be injected under the skin (subcutaneous injection) or into a muscle (intramuscular injection)
Patches containing estrogen are applied to certain body areas for absorption of estrogen via the skin; these may be available over-the-counter without a prescription in some countries but require prescriptions in others. Vaginal rings release estrogen into the body through the vagina.
What is estrogen’s mode of action?
Depending on the product, estrogen medications act in different ways to relieve menopausal symptoms and prevent osteoporosis (the thinning or weakening of bones). Oral forms of estrogen increase levels of estrogen in the blood which can be measured to determine if a dose is giving enough relief without causing excess side effects; this helps doctors make adjustments to minimize any problems.
Topical forms contain only small amounts of estrogen but may provide symptom relief for some time after application before another dose needs to be applied. Vaginal rings gradually release small amounts of estrogen over time which may help ease menopausal symptoms such as vaginal dryness; they are not absorbed into the bloodstream so there is little risk of side effects.
Where does estrogen come from after menopause:
Estrogen is just one of the many hormones your body produces. After menopause, estrogen levels are about half of what they were when you were younger. There are several ways to get back some of that lost estrogen: through dietary sources, or artificially with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Here’s where it comes from naturally – and how you can find more within your diet…
1. SOYBEANS AND SOY PRODUCTS One cup of soybeans provides 66mcg of natural estrogen. There are not enough studies on humans to prove this makes a difference in their total hormone levels, but animal studies have shown promising results for women with reduced estrogen levels.
Many soy products like tofu and tempeh are made from soybeans. Other products like soymilk and miso are also made from soybeans, but they might not be as high in estrogen as you would think… because the process of making them changes the makeup of the product.
2. FLAXSEEDS AND FLAXSEED OIL You can find 58-102mcg of natural estrogen in every 1 tablespoon serving of flaxseed oil and 28-57mcg in every 1 tablespoon serving of ground flaxseeds
This is a significant amount – even more than you will get from soy! The body uses lignans found in flaxseeds to produce phytoestrogens that mimic your own estrogen levels.
3. BLACK BEANS AND MISO Black beans and miso both have a surprising amount of estrogen in them, for a product that doesn’t come from a bean or a soy product. You can find 3.9-5.7mcg in every 1 cup serving of black beans. And 5-10mcg per tablespoon serving of miso.
4. bowls of cereal Nutritional bowls of cereal may contain up to 6mcg of natural estrogen per serving! Many breakfast bowls of cereal are made with ingredients like soy (like the cereal pictured here), cotton seeds, sugar beets, and corn – which all naturally produce phytoestrogens.
It’s likely there are not enough photos of these ingredients to make a difference, as most bowls of cereal you buy at the grocery store likely have many artificial ingredients that contain no estrogen at all.
It will be interesting to see if the new change in labeling requirements for food products reveals more about what kind of estrogen our bodies are ingesting from breakfast cereal and other meals we don’t realize it’s a part of.
where is an estrogen produced in males:
The testosterone hormone is by far the most abundant male sex hormone in the body. Testosterone production starts in the brain, where luteinizing hormone stimulates testicular Leydig cells to produce testosterone. This process also occurs during puberty and is maintained throughout an individual’s life until his or her death.
where is an estrogen produced in males:
Estrogen hormone regulation usually occurs through negative feedback, meaning that the higher estrogen levels are allowed to circulate throughout the body, the more they suppress further production of estrogen. The hypothalamus gland sends a message to the pituitary gland not to release FSH and LH when an adequate amount of estrogens are present.
Negative feedback loop inhibition can be caused by several things including changes within the hypothalamic-pituitary axis or hypoestrogenic states tied to aging, malnutrition, stress, and disorders like hyperprolactinemia.
Where does estrogen come from after menopause:
Estrogen is just one of the many hormones your body produces. After menopause, estrogen levels are often lower than they were before menopause, sometimes resulting in symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, and osteoporosis. There are several ways to replace the estrogen your body is missing (estrogen replacement therapy). You can also try lifestyle changes like eating foods that boost estrogen levels naturally.
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) provides hormones that are similar to those your body produces naturally. The FDA labels all estrogens for use by either postmenopausal or surgically menopausal women who have had a hysterectomy.
Hormone replacement therapy helps treat these symptoms by replacing estrogen lost during menopause. The twice-yearly “period” experienced by women taking estropipate may be indicative of the actual levels of hormones, with an excess of estrogen leading to heavier bleeding.
Estrogen is the primary female sex hormone; it regulates many processes in the female reproductive system and elsewhere throughout the body. Many forms of cancer (including breast, ovarian, endometrial, and skin) are strongly influenced by estrogen status; some cancers can even be driven by estrogens. A variety of synthetic estrogen drugs have been developed for human use.
Although their development was originally motivated by the treatment of pregnancy complications (the oral contraceptive pill is one notable example), they are widely used in medicine today for a broad range of indications including contraception, menopausal-related issues, infertility, osteoporosis…etc. One type of estrogen drug used is conjugated estrogens, which are marketed under the brand name Premarin.
Estrogen replacement therapies (ERTs) are drugs that are administered through different routes of delivery including oral, parenteral, transdermal, and vaginal.
Other than conjugated estrogen preparations such as Premarin, other types of ERTs include estradiol, estrone, and ethinylestradiol. Estrogens have been used to treat symptoms associated with menopause in women.
low estrogen symptoms:
In women, low estrogen is associated with menstruation irregularities including amenorrhea and menorrhagia. In males, low estrogen may be accompanied by erectile dysfunction and loss of libido.
Some signs of low estrogen levels in men include erectile dysfunction, decreased sex drive, fatigue, mood swings, loss of muscle mass…etc. Women might experience irregular periods due to a lack of ovulation or stop having periods completely (amenorrhea). Both men and women with a lack of estrogen may also notice a decrease in fertility.
Estrogen replacement therapy restores hormone levels in postmenopausal women. It can relieve hot flashes caused by the sudden drop in hormones after menopause. The therapy improves bone health when used along with medications like alendronate (Fosamax).