Kidney Disease and Blood Pressure

Kidney Disease and Blood Pressure

Production of renin and aldosterone, two hormones produced by the kidneys play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure.

Blood pressure is controlled to some extent by the kidneys which produce renin and aldosterone, a hormone that helps control water and salt balance. When blood flow through your kidneys slows down, these two substances are released into your bloodstream. In turn, they direct your body to hold on to water and salt (also known as electrolytes) thus raising blood pressure.

Blood pressure rises again when it starts flowing normally from the kidney back to the rest of the body. Kidney disease can interfere with this normal pattern leading to increased levels of renin and aldosterone even though blood supply conditions have improved. This results in high blood pressure.

Heredity:

High blood pressure is often a disorder that runs in families and indicates inheritance, if both your parents have the disease, you will inherit it at least to some extent. If either of them has high blood pressure and you do not, this does not mean that you will never develop hypertension.

Any other family member with high blood pressure can pass on this condition to you even though they do not show any symptoms themselves. Therefore those who are close relatives of people affected by hypertension should be especially careful as they might also develop this condition eventually.

Lack of physical activity:

We know that too little exercise may lead to obesity which itself is a factor that increases the risk for developing hypertension. When inactive, your body produces more blood as the heart works harder to pump it through your arteries. Physical activity reduces your weight which can lower blood pressure and improve overall health.

Relation between creatinine and blood pressure:- creatinine blood pressure:

The scientist is testing the creatinine level of the human body. The result is shown in this chart.

The line on this graph shows how relationships change over time or when one thing changes The relationship between these two things goes up and down, but mostly upwards If someone had a high blood pressure reading he/she would have a very high Creatinine number This means they would have to see a doctor soon My conclusion for my experiment is that if you let your Creatinine get too high then you need to go to the clinic and get it checked for your blood pressure

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Pulses and beans:

Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat pulses, nuts, seeds, and beans every day to help control your weight. Choose wholegrain or wholemeal wholegrain cereals such as wholewheat bread, pasta, and brown rice instead of white varieties.

Add pulses such as chickpeas, lentils, and beans to casseroles, soups, or salads. Include potatoes only rarely as they are high in starch. Instead of french fries or chips choose baked Maris piper or new potatoes with a low-fat salad dressing Use small amounts of oil, butter, or cream when cooking vegetables – try steaming or stir-frying instead.

Eat your portion of fruit and vegetables with each meal and snack If you eat meat, fish or poultry cut down the amount and choose lower-fat options such as chicken breast instead of dark meat Avoid foods high in saturated fat such as fatty meats, barbecued foods, and cheese Carbohydrate Foods: Eat at least 5 servings of whole grain and/or high-fiber-carbohydrate food each day.

Starches:

Choose wholemeal or wholegrain varieties where possible and limit starchy vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, peas, beans, pasta, rice, and cereals. Fruit: All types are good for you but if you have to choose then the best fruit choices are fresh fruit in season.

2) Protein foods:

Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil  Protein Foods include Beans Pulses Grains  Potatoes  Nuts and Seeds  Tomatoes Fish

3) Carbohydrates Foods:

Eat at least 5 servings of whole grain and/or high-fiber-carbohydrate food each day. Starches: Choose wholemeal or wholegrain varieties where possible and limit starchy vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, peas, beans, pasta, rice, and cereals. Fruit: All types are good for you but if you have to choose then the best fruit choices are fresh fruit in season.

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4) Milk:

Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil Protein Foods include Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil

5) Foods Rich in Carbohydrates:

Choose wholegrain or wholemeal wholegrain cereals such as wholewheat bread, pasta, and brown rice instead of white varieties.  Add pulses such as chickpeas, lentils, and beans to casseroles, soups, or salads.

Include potatoes only rarely as they are high in starch. Instead of french fries or chips choose baked Maris piper or new potatoes with a low-fat salad dressing Use small amounts of oil, butter, or cream when cooking vegetables – try steaming or stir-frying instead.

6) Fish:

Protein Foods include Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil

Can a kidney infection cause high blood pressure?

Kidney stones are a common condition. They affect around 2 in every 100 people in the UK each year.  This is usually when they’re found for the first time, but some people have them more often. This page explains what kidney stones are and includes information on how you can prevent them or reduce your risk of developing them again.

The kidneys are two fist-sized organs that remove waste from the blood and produce urine, which is then excreted via the bladder.  A buildup of chemicals in the urine if it becomes too concentrated may form crystals that clump together to form a stone. Stones range in size from a grain of sand up to a golf ball – large stones can block the ureter, the tube that links the bladder to each kidney.

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kidneys and blood pressure regulation:

1) Protein Foods:

Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil

2) Carbohydrates Foods:

Eat at least 5 servings of whole grain and/or high-fiber-carbohydrate food each day. Starches: Choose wholemeal or wholegrain varieties where possible and limit starchy vegetables such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, corn, peas, beans, pasta, rice, and cereals. Fruit: All types are good for you but if you have to choose then the best fruit choices are fresh fruit in season.

3) Milk:

Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil Protein Foods include Beans Pulses Grains Potatoes Nuts and Seeds Tomatoes Fish Fruit Milk Meat Eat nuts with healthy snacks or when eating cereal Avoid fried meat or fish unless it is cooks with little oil

4) Foods Rich in Carbohydrates:

Choose wholegrain or wholemeal wholegrain cereals such as wholewheat bread, pasta, and brown rice instead of white varieties.  Add pulses such as chickpeas, lentils, and beans to casseroles, soups, or salads.

Include potatoes only rarely as they are high in starch. Instead of french fries or chips choose baked Maris piper or new potatoes with a low-fat salad dressing Use small amounts of oil, butter, or cream when cooking vegetables – try steaming or stir-frying instead.

5) Fats:

Limit your intake to no more than 30g (1oz) daily of foods high in saturated fat. eg.  Butter, ghee, or other dairy spreads; fatty meat; processed meats; sausages and burgers; cakes, biscuits, and pastries with coconut, palm kernel oil or cocoa butter; some takeaways Use monounsaturated oils such as rapeseed oil for cooking whenever possible Olive oil is the best one Choose soft margarine that is plant-based Minimise your use of commercial frying fats such as hard stick margarine, ghee, and lard.

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