Types of Mental Illness and Their Symptoms

Types of Mental Illness and Their Symptoms

Anxiety Disorders:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia, specific phobias are some of them. Symptoms are fear(of something or some situation), tension(feeling on edge) , nervousness.

People with these disorders worry excessively about everyday things and they often struggle to keep their minds away from difficult situations which causes more stress on their mind. They find it hard to relax even though they have nothing that may cause anxiety in any way.

Psychotic Disorders:- It is an illness that affects someone’s thought process resulting in incorrectly formed beliefs other symptoms including hallucinations(seeing/ hearing/ smelling etc.) delusions (irrational thoughts about self and other people). Schizophrenia is one type of psychosis.

Mood Disorders:- Depression and bipolar disorder are mood disorders which can be spotted by sadness(without a specific reason) or excessively high happiness or they can switch from one to another in few seconds. Some other symptoms include loss of interest, risk taking behavior, changes in appetite.

Mental Retardation:- Mental retardation is mostly caused when abnormal proteins meet up during the development of the fetus resulting in either defects in the formation of the brain or any part of it including heart and blood vessels and sometimes even spinal cord. Symptoms include lower than normal intelligence which means that person may be slower at learning new things and having problems with everyday life activities such as dressing self, showering etc.

Developmental Disorders:- Developmental disorders are psychological/ neurological disorders which can affect the physical and mental growth of a child. Autism is one type of developmental disorder.

Brain Diseases:

It has some symptoms depending on the location where it occurs in the brain including face(eyes, hearing), movement(coordination), memory, thinking, language etc.

Mental illnesses can be cured mostly if they’re diagnosed on time and treated accordingly with medications and therapies. Some people go for counselling to discuss their problems or psychiatric treatments like behavior therapy, cognitive therapy , psychodynamic therapy etc .

This article was written by Jasleen Kaur who is working as an online content writer at Indiaplaza . She loves to write articles about health related topics .You may also visit Mental health for more related articles.

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Symptoms of mental illness:

Symptoms that are similar to those of mental illness, but are not caused by them. These may include fatigue, sleep problems, pain and concentration difficulties. Depression affects everything you do. And it’s common for people with depression to have other symptoms or conditions at the same time. This article has more information on these other symptoms and conditions .

It can be difficult to know whether your physical symptoms are caused by a mental health condition like anxiety or depression , or whether they’re caused by another type of illness. You might also experience physical health problems along with your mental health problem(s).

It’s important that both are treated together, even if treatment is started for one before the other. For example, treatment for a heart problem could help to improve your mental health, and vice versa.

Physical symptoms of anxiety and depression can include:

• Headaches

• Chest pain

• Upset stomach or diarrhea

• Feeling tense or “on edge”

• Racing heart or palpitations

• Difficulty sleeping or insomnia

• Fatigue

Types of mental disorders:

There are a number of different mental disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. Examples of some common mental disorders include

• Anxiety disorders – characterized by feelings of anxiety, fear and unease

• Mood disorders – including depression and bipolar disorder

• Eating disorders – such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa

• Schizophrenia – a long-term mental illness that causes .

A person to see or hear things that aren’t there, to be confused and have difficulty thinking clearly, and to feel emotions that are out of control

Treatment for mental illness:

Mental health conditions can be treated in a number of ways. The most common treatments are medication, talking therapies, or a combination of the two.

Many people with mental health problems benefit from some type of talking therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal therapy (IPT). These therapies support and help you to explore your thoughts and feelings so you can find ways to manage them better. You go at your own pace – it’s up to you how involved you want to be in the process.

There are also a number of things that can help you prevent a relapse , including staying active, keeping a regular sleep routine, taking up exercise and healthy hobbies , practicing mindfulness meditations , and doing things that have proved helpful in the past .  In many cases medication will only be given if these other treatments have been tried first. It’s important that all treatment is tailored to you, and that you find the approach that suits you the best.

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Mental health conditions can be treated in a number of ways. The most common treatments are medication, talking therapies, or a combination of the two. Many people who experience symptoms of mental illness receive some type of talking therapy , such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal therapy (IPT). These therapies support and help you to explore your thoughts and feelings so you can find ways to manage them better . Medication will usually only be given if these other treatments have been tried first. It’s important that all treatment is tailored to you, and that you find an approach that suits you the best.

Reatment for Mental Illness:

Mental health conditions can be treated in a number of ways. The most common treatments are medication, talking therapies, or a combination of the two. Many people who experience symptoms of mental illness receive some type of talking therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal therapy (IPT).

These therapies support and help you to explore your thoughts and feelings so you can find ways to manage them better . Medication will usually only be given if these other treatments have been tried first. It’s important that all treatment is tailored to you, and that you find an approach that suits you the best.

Mental illness vs mental disorder:

There is a distinction between mental illness and mental disorder. Mental illness refers to diagnosable conditions that significantly impair a person’s cognitive, emotional, or social functioning. Mental disorders, on the other hand, are a group of conditions that are not as severe as mental illnesses but still cause significant problems in a person’s life. Many people who have mental disorders do not have mental illness.

Prevention:

In many cases, it is possible to prevent mental illness from developing. This can be done by promoting positive mental health and well-being in individuals and communities .

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Some measures that can help include:

• Promoting positive body image and self-esteem

• Encouraging healthy relationships and positive social interaction

• Providing accessible and affordable mental health care

• Encouraging physical activity and healthy eating habits

• Promoting positive coping skills and resilience

In many cases, it is possible to prevent mental illness from developing. This can be done by promoting positive mental health and well-being in individuals and communities.

Some measures that can help include:

• Promoting positive body image and self-esteem

• Encouraging healthy relationships and positive social interaction

• Providing accessible and affordable mental health care

• Encouraging physical activity and healthy eating habits

• Promoting positive coping skills and resilience.

causes of mental illness:-

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. Each person’s experience of mental illness is unique. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of developing a mental illness.

These include:

• Trauma or stress

• Genetics

• Biological factors

• Environmental factors

how to identify mental health symptoms:-

It can be difficult to identify mental health symptoms, as they can be very different from person to person. However, some common signs that a person may need help include:

• Excessive worry or anxiety

• Feeling overwhelmed or out of control

• Difficulty concentrating or making decisions

• Racing thoughts or insomnia

• Feeling sad or hopeless for more than two weeks

• Changes in eating habits or weight

• Withdrawing from friends and activities

mental health and addiction:-

Mental illness and addiction often occur together. This is because people with mental illness are more likely to abuse alcohol or drugs as a way of coping with their symptoms. Treatment for addiction must also address any underlying mental health conditions.

recovery:-

Recovery from mental illness is possible. Many people who experience mental illness find that they can live healthy and fulfilling lives with the right support. Recovery involves taking control of your life and managing your symptoms in a way that works best for you. There is no one right way to do this, so it is important to find a treatment plan that works for you.

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