Treatment of Joint and Bone Pain
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of the joint disorder, and it affects both young and older people. It can occur in any joint but knee and hip osteoarthritis affect more than half of the patients, especially after age 50.
Its treatment may include:
Painkillers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen are taken by mouth-Heat applied to the area around/above where you hurt-Weight loss if overweight -Exercise or physical therapy to build muscle strength -A splint for nighttime use -Surgery to replace a damaged joint
2 . Rheumatoid arthritis:
It commonly involves pain, swelling, stiffness, warmth, decreased range of motion (ROM), redness, and loss of function in multiple joints, especially the hands and feet. It usually affects people between the ages of 40 to 60 years old.
The symptoms can be treated with painkillers such as ibuprofen taken by mouth, heat applied to the area around/above where you hurt, exercise or physical therapy to build muscle strength, a splint for nighttime use, steroid injections into painful joints-Surgery to replace a damaged joint
3 . Osteoporosis:
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. It may cause pain, especially when you move an arm or leg after an injury, like when you fall. Also, it may result in fractures of the spine, ribs, or hip.
Treatment includes- Medications that increase bone mass (such as teriparatide) -Prescription-strength bisphosphonates are taken by mouth -Calcium supplements-Exercise to help maintain/increase bone mass
4 . Back pain:
Back pain is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits in the United States. It can be caused by arthritis, osteoporosis, infection, cancer, or strain from everyday activities. Back pain can be caused by inflammation, spasms, or muscle strain.
The treatment includes-Anti-inflammatory medications taken by mouth-NSAIDs (ibuprofen, naproxen)-Muscle relaxants are taken by mouth -Corticosteroid injections into the painful areas -Heat applied to the area around/above where you hurt -Exercise or physical therapy to build muscle strength
5 . Gout:
It is a type of arthritis that causes sudden attacks of intense pain, tenderness, redness, and swelling in one or more joints. It may sometimes affect your big toe, but it can also happen in your ankles, knees, or other parts of your body. The most common cause is too much uric acid in the blood.
An attack may only last a few hours, but it can return and cause more pain and damage if you don’t treat it.
The treatment includes-Medications such as colchicine (Tricolor Colcrys), an anti-inflammatory drug taken by mouth -Over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen which reduce swelling and relieve pain -Low doses of cortisone medications given directly to the joint for a short time to reduce inflammation If needed, you might have a steroid injection into a joint to help decrease swelling. But often, these injections provide only temporary relief from symptoms
6 . Osteomyelitis:
It is an infection that causes bone destruction, most commonly in the spine, pelvis, hips, ribs, or skull. This condition is most commonly caused by a bacterial infection that spreads to the bone from nearby tissue.
7 . Rheumatic fever:
It is an inflammatory disease that can affect your joints, skin, heart, and sometimes your brain. It often affects children ages five to15 years old, but it can happen at any age. For example, some young adults may have an undiagnosed rheumatic fever after clearing streptococcal pharyngitis without antibiotic treatment.
The symptoms include joint pain, skin rash (malaise), fever, headache. It can also cause heart problems like inflammation or scarring of the valves of your heart, which may make it difficult to pump blood through your body
Treatment includes-Anti-inflammatory drugs taken by mouth -Antibiotics -Medications to control heart rhythm if needed
8 . Ulcerative Colitis:
It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-term inflammation and sores in the lining of the large intestine. This leads to many stools per day with bits of blood and mucus. In mild cases, symptoms may include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue. In more severe cases, you may develop kidney stones from dehydration or lose lots of weight because you cannot eat.
The treatment includes-Medications was taken by mouth that decrease inflammation -Surgery may be used in some cases if medications fail
9 . Osteonecrosis:
It is bone damage that causes the death of parts of the bone tissue. It usually happens at locations where there are low blood supplies, such as your knee or hip joint. One condition related to osteonecrosis is avascular necrosis (AVN), which occurs when bone cells die due to their direct blood supply loss. AVN can affect areas near joints, particularly hips and knees
Causes of Joint Pain in Knees:
Various causes can lead to knee joint pain. It can be general or come from a specific reason. In most cases, the typical culprits include the following:
Injury poisoning overuse weather conditions
They can affect your knees at any time, so being aware of what they are is very important. Well, below, we look at them one by one for you. Let’s start with injuries. The primary cause in this section is sports-related injury.
For people who love sports activities such as football players, tennis players, etc., injuries will likely occur when going through competitive games, even when taking tips on preventing knee injury before any game starts isn’t present because of many factors associated with their game.
Even for those who are non-professionals but love to play sports in their leisure time, there is also an equal chance of getting injured because they lack some skills for playing the game. Whatever the cause may be, joint pain resulting from an injury is a severe problem that can lead to long-term health problems if it gets prolonged or left untreated.
Joint pain and weakness:
Joint pain and weakness can occur for some reasons. It could be the result of an injury – such as whiplash or a strain – or it could be because of arthritis, gout, bursitis, tendinitis, or other conditions.
Joint pain and swelling:
Joint pain and swelling can be caused by injury to the joint area, including overuse injuries such as tendonitis; inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis; osteoarthritis (which occurs with wear and tear on the joints); and skin conditions that affect the joints (for example, psoriasis). Also called: arthralgia, Swollen joints usually indicate inflammation within your joint. There are many causes for this type of joint pain, including injury to the joint or nearby tissues.
Joint pain and stiffness:
Some factors can cause joint pain and stiffness. In many cases, arthritis is the culprit – it’s estimated that about half of individuals who live with chronic illness have some form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is characterized by a breakdown in the articular cartilage, which covers the ends of your bones where they come together at a joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that causes inflammation throughout your body, including in joints; it often occurs alongside osteoarthritis and other diseases such as lupus. Gout occurs when uric acid builds up in your blood, causing joint inflammation.
joint pain and swelling during cold weather:
Joint pain and swelling can be triggered by exposure to cold weather. In most cases, this results from a pre-existing condition such as carpal tunnel syndrome or arthritis in the wrist or fingers.
However, even healthy individuals can experience joint pain when temperatures drop – overexerting yourself in the cold may lead to a strain that sets off an inflammatory response within your joints, which can become inflamed for several days after exposure to cold conditions. See a doctor if you experience long-term joint pain following exposure to cold weather.
causes of joint pain in hands:
Joint pain is often associated with arthritis, gout, bursitis, tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and other medical conditions. If you experience signs of any of these diseases or situations in your hands alongside joint pain, seek medical attention right away.