What Are The Causes of Nosebleeds in Children?
A nasal abrasion, which is a scratch on the surface of the nose, is usually due to a fall or contact with a sharp object.
– A perforated septum, that is the partition between the two sides of the nose.
– An upper respiratory infection, such as a cold or sinusitis.
– Straining during bowel movements.
– High altitude.
What are some common signs and symptoms associated with nosebleeds?:- Nosebleeds can be caused by any condition that causes more blood flow through your child’s blood vessels. This increased flow makes it easier for small blood vessels in his nose to break open and cause bleeding from one both nostrils.
Your child might have a dripping or continuous nosebleed. She might have a sudden severe nosebleed after bumping the inside of her nose. She could also have a dry, crusty buildup inside the nasal passage that appears to be blood, but isn’t really. Nosebleeds can come from both nostrils, one side of the nose at a time, just one nostril, or even from inside your child’s nose.
– Blood may drain down the back of your child’s throat and cause him to gag and cough as it tries to escape through his mouth.
– The amount of bleeding may be slight (a few drops) or heavy (more than enough to soak tissues). It might take as long as an hour for the blood to dry and the crust in his nose to fall off.
– Your child may have a bad headache and pain in her face.
– If she has facial injuries, such as fractures, soft tissue damage (such as an injured eye), or swelling that affects her airway (which can happen when teeth are knocked out ), seek emergency help.
What is the treatment for Nosebleeds?
The key to managing your child’s nosebleed is controlling it until the body naturally stops the bleeding. To do this: Have your child sit upright and lean forward with pillows propped behind him, if necessary.
Have he pinched his nostrils shut with gentle pressure for up to 10 minutes.- Have him breathe through his mouth during this time. – Have him lean forward and tip his head gently back and forth several times.- Or, have your child who is old enough blow his nose gently with mouth pressure.
what causes frequent nosebleeds in a child:
Nose bleeds occur more frequently in children than adults because the blood vessels in the nose of a child are growing and get ruptured easily. A small fall can lead to a nose bleed, but it is very common for kids to experience multiple nosebleeds at once or on consecutive days. This is more likely among toddlers who haven’t achieved full motor control and may bump their noses more often while crawling and playing.
The most common cause of nosebleeds is dry air which leads to the lining of the nose becoming too dry, causing it to crack and bleed. Routinely wiping away the baby’s boogers also contributes to dried nasal passages and makes him susceptible to infection due to bacteria. The second most common reason for nosebleeds in babies is teething, which leads to irritation of the lining inside the nose.
A high-risk child may be prone to reoccurring nose bleeds due to a bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand’s disease. The most practical way to treat these types of children is by giving them vitamin K supplements every day after they get their shots because this helps clotting factors form clots within existing blood vessels rather than forming new ones.
An unhealthy diet also affects the rate at which iron is absorbed by the body and thus can lead to frequent nose bleeding in toddlers who are not getting enough iron through their food intake. Iron deficiency causes enervation, lessening the ability of vessel walls to withstand the pressure of the blood flowing through them.
Often it happens that a child gets awakened by a nosebleed, and upon investigation, it is found to be caused by an insect bite on the inside of the nose or nasal passage. This may occur because after having eaten solid foods for some time, insects such as fleas and lice start seeking refuges in the nasal passages, which are relatively warm and free from disturbances due to external influences.
These critters draw blood when they pierce small arteries inside the nose. Insects like these should be removed immediately before they infest your child’s bedding or clothes since once enmeshed into fabrics they can cause more harm than good.
child nosebleed while sleeping:
Nosebleeds in children while sleeping are much more common than when they are awake. This happens either because the child has sat or slept in a position that allowed one nostril to be blocked and blood to accumulate on the other side, or because he has swallowed too much saliva as a result of some obstruction.
These conditions can cause asphyxia if left untreated for long periods of time, so it is always recommendable to seek prompt medical attention so as not to risk your child’s life.
How To Stop A Child From Nose Bleeding:
If your baby is younger than four months old and starts bleeding from his nose and you cannot stop it by pinching the soft part of his nose, firstly you should not panic, because this is a normal reaction to the parents’ concern.
The baby will not get brain damage or even die from such an occurrence so do not panic and call your pediatrician if it persists more than what you can handle at that moment.
It never hurts to pick up some basic first aid skills to be able to handle minor accidents like nose bleeds and other common diseases that attack babies and toddlers and turn them into something worse if left unattended for longer periods of time.
For instance, remember back in school whenever we had any kind of injury during sports class, our teacher would use the following [however ridiculous] method: “Leave it alone or put ice on it” (for skin wounds). There were no bandages to be found. So the only thing we could do was place ice on it to numb the pain and prevent any further damage while waiting for our parents or nurse to arrive.
Nosebleeds in children when to worry:
If the nosebleed is the first occurrence, and your child is older than one year, you should encourage him to lie down quietly for ten minutes or more. This will cause the blood vessels to seal up faster.
You should also wipe gently inside his nostrils with a wet cloth until fresh blood no longer comes out. You can then allow him to take liquid food or drink through his mouth if he likes that better. Toddlers often find it easier to breathe after having something inside their mouths.
Nosebleeds in children who are not sleeping- If your child’s nose begins bleeding while she is awake, you should inspect her nasal passages thoroughly so as not to miss any possible blockage near her ears or throat due to old or recent colds.
In all cases of nose bleeds, toddlers and infants should be placed in a comfortable position to prevent any choking hazard while waiting for an appointment with the pediatrician or family physician. Using a humidifier will also help prevent further complications from nosebleeds by moistening the child’s nasal passages and throat so that they can heal faster.
what causes nose bleeding:
There are different causes of nose bleeding in children. Here are some examples:
Laceration of the delicate tissues around the nostrils due to contact with sharp objects or rough play
Scratching the membranes that line your child’s nasal passages and sinuses can also cause blood vessels to bleed because they do not heal quickly like skin wounds. This is a common occurrence in toddlers and infants, especially when they try to remove dust and other contaminants from their noses by scratching them with their fingers and fingernails. Picking up colds easily may also cause nosebleeds if your child rubs his nose too much while sneezing.
Meningitis is an infection of the brain lining (meninges), characterized by fever, vomiting, headache, irritability, and lethargy.
Nosebleeds in children when to be concerned:
If your child experiences nose bleeds for more than six weeks, you should take her to the pediatrician immediately so that he can rule out conditions such as leukemia or other blood-related diseases that may cause excessive bleeding.
Also, do not allow your child to engage in strenuous activities like running or playing too much because this will increase pressure within his head due to the increased blood flow through the veins of his face.
This is why nose bleeds are common after accidents during sports games at school. Children who play contact sports like football or box also tend to get frequent nose bleeds because they collide with one another while playing (or getting hit by a ball).