Types of Blood Pressure

Types of Blood Pressure





essential hypertension or primary high blood pressure, essential hypertension or primary high blood pressure is due to causes that are either unknown or idiopathic. It is the most common form of high blood pressure.

It occurs when the arteries that carry blood away from the heart cannot relax normally or constrict well. This increases the resistance to the flow of oxygen-rich blood into the arteries and out through them to other parts of the body.

The left ventricle has to work harder to push blood through your vessels, which may become thickened with cholesterol deposits (atherosclerosis). Over time, this can cause damage to your kidneys, eyes, and heart if it remains untreated.

If a person is having a hard time taking his pulse, he can place the tips of his fingers on his wrist and feel for a pulse. This can be done when you are feeling your radial pulse (located on the thumb side) or when you are feeling your carotid artery (located in front of the neck). A normal resting heart rate is anywhere from 60-100 beats per minute. An abnormally slow resting heart rate may indicate bradycardia, while an above-average heart rate may indicate tachycardia.

Normal blood pressure:

systolic pressure 120mmHg and diastolic pressure 80 mmHg.

if systolic pressure is between 90-110 or diastolic is between 60-80, it’s called prehypertension.

if systolic pressure is 160-180 or diastolic is 100-120, it’s called hypertension.

Different causes of high blood pressure: -which we will be discussing today.

1) dehydration:

it happens when the level of water and electrolytes in your body falls below normal levels. it can lead to haemoconcentration(increase hemoglobin), which increases the viscosity of blood leading to hypertension. so drink at least 3lt of water every day and keep your body hydrated.

2) too much salt in diet:

this is also a very common cause of high blood pressure, reduce the intake of salt to control blood pressure. but do not try to go on a no-salt diet, it can harm your health a lot because it will lead to low sodium levels in your body which can result in muscle cramps and increase urination.

3) stress:

stress increases heart rate leading to faster consumption of oxygen from the blood by heart muscles, this makes erythrocytes produce more oxygen than required resulting in increased viscosity(thickness)of blood in arterioles leading to hypertension. so try controlling stress in your life as much as possible, do regular exercise to reduce stress.

4) lack of potassium or magnesium in diet:

lack of these minerals can also lead to hypertension, seek a good naturopath to advise you on the best way to intake them.

5) smoking and alcohol consumption:

smoking causes vasoconstriction(causes narrowing of blood vessels), leading to hypertension. alcohol also increases heart rate leading to increased viscosity of blood. so quit both as soon as possible if you want a healthier life and a lesser chance of high blood pressure!

6) sleep starvation:

when we don’t get proper sleep it results in decreased production of hormones such as cortisol and epinephrine which increase blood pressure. therefore make sure you get enough hours of quality sleep every day.

7) obesity:

obesity is one of the most common causes of hypertension, it can be caused due to increase in central fat deposition or general obesity. so control weight as soon as possible if you want a healthier life!

8) old age:

as we grow older our blood vessels become less elastic leading to hypertension, so don’t allow your age to catch up with you quickly.

9) family history of high blood pressure:

if anyone in your family has high blood pressure then there are greater chances that you also have high blood pressure, so take care what all things you do regarding your diet and lifestyle.

10) prolonged standing/sitting postures during work hours:

it reduces the supply of blood to lower limbs which causes pooling of blood in the legs, this reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients to lower limb tissues which can lead to hypertension. so whenever possible walk or stand as much as you can during work hours.

Most common symptoms of high blood pressure:

1) headache:

the brain requires a lot of oxygen from the blood to function properly which can be decreased if there is elevated blood viscosity due to increased haemoconcentration which occurs as a result of high BP leading to headaches as a common symptom of hypertension. so try to control blood pressure by following all the tips we told you and be healthier.

2) insomnia:

when BP is very high it can lead to headaches at night due to which you can’t sleep properly, as a result, your body cannot function efficiently leading to worsening of the entire condition leading to other complications such as stomach ulcers. make sure you get enough sleep every day!

3) weakness:

elevated BP can lead to a reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients from blood resulting in a reduced ability of muscles to perform their functions efficiently. therefore keep a check on your BP!

4) fast breathing:

it happens when there is the pooling of blood in lower limbs which reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients to body tissues, this causes increased oxygen consumption by body tissues and hence profound breathing.

5) dizziness:

fast breathing can cause dizziness due to a lack of enough oxygen supply in the brain resulting in giddiness. so maintain normal blood pressure!

6) weight loss:

if blood pressure is not kept under check it can lead to digestive problems thereby reducing food intake resulting in weight loss. as a result, you don’t get the required nutrients for your body leading to further complications such as weakness and fatigue. so keep yourself healthy and be happy always!

7) low urination:

when there is the pooling of blood in lower limbs it reduces the quantity of urine thereby giving rise to decreased frequency of urination. therefore try to keep your BP under control!

8) fatigue:

low blood pressure and fast breathing can cause fatigue because of inadequate oxygen supply to body tissues. so try to keep all these factors in mind and achieve a healthier life!

9) shortness of breath:

it is caused by the pooling of blood in the lower limbs reducing the quantity of oxygen available for respiration resulting in a reduction in capillary action leading to shortness of breath which further prevents the proper functioning of muscles, therefore, decreasing performance efficiency. so be healthy always!

10) fainting:

in some severe cases, high blood pressure can also lead to fainting, this happens while standing/ sitting postures due to a reduced supply of blood to the brain resulting in good. so keep a check on your BP!

11) nervousness:

in some cases high blood pressure can also lead to nervousness, this is because of a reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients to the brain due to which you may appear childish and be afraid of everything. so always maintain normal bp by following our tips!

12) diarrhea:

when there is a poor supply of food from the digestive tract through the intestines resulting in decreased performance efficiency. therefore try this story today I am giving you about my life!

13) lack of energy:

as a result of digestive problems causing a slow rate of metabolism leading to low energy levels resulting in a decreased ability for body tissues to perform their functions efficiently.be healthy always guys!

14) muscular weakness:

As a result of poor blood supply through arteries, the rate of metabolism decreases resulting in reduced performance efficiency. so maintain normal bp!

15) heart diseases:

high blood pressure can lead to plaque accumulation on artery walls which restricts the free flow of blood from the heart to vital organs such as the brain, kidneys, and lungs leading to various kinds of complications such as heart attacks and strokes.be healthy always:)

diastolic pressure:-diastolic pressure is the systolic number minus one, that is the internal heart pressure between heartbeats as opposed to during a heartbeat. this reading should be below 120 as it affects the ability of the heart to receive blood from veins and pump out blood through arteries. as a result of increased diastolic bp, you might have trouble while going upstairs or while going in for sports!

systolic pressure:

systolic pressure is a measure of your heart’s pumping ability.it can be taken by feeling the pulse at the neck immediately after taking a deep breath and once again on letting it go.

the average normal systolic bp should be around 130 over 89-that means both figures are more than 100 which means that your hearts and circulatory system are working properly. normal systolic pressure is 120 over 80!in case of low blood pressure it can lead to various problems such as dizziness, fainting, weakness, etc..so try to maintain normal bp by following our tips!

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