Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Failure
• Pale skin color, especially in the lower legs and feet, because blood is not reaching these areas well.
• Itching, sometimes severe. The itching is due to a buildup of fluid that the patient may notice in their ankles or abdomen. They can relieve some of their discomforts by soaking in a warm bath or trying gently rubbing the itchy areas with a soft brush or cloth wrapped around your finger.
• Odor from breath and body. This symptom occurs because acids have begun to build up within the body as an excess protein breaks down. In addition, urea-related compounds are excreted through sweat glands and can cause odor from poor hygiene when sweating occurs.
Warning signs of chronic kidney failure are:
• Urinating vast amounts at night may indicate that the kidneys are not making specific proteins needed for muscle strength.
• Blood in the urine. It could be the first symptom of advanced kidney disease, but it is often combined with other symptoms. If your loved one has blood in their urine, they should see a medical professional determine the underlying cause.
• Swelling of feet and ankles. A buildup of fluid usually causes this because of decreased function of kidneys; this would be accompanied by weight gain due to fluid retention. Chronic kidney disease patients are more likely to have high blood pressure because protein loss can lead to salt wasting, causing sodium levels to rise and potassium levels to fall.
• Severe itching that can’t be relieved.
Treatment of chronic kidney failure:
After the diagnosis is made, treatment for chronic kidney failure will begin. The goal of treatment is to slow down or stop any further damage to the kidneys and prevent complications.
Treatment involves medications, fluid restriction, sodium reduction in diet, control on hypertension, and management of associated disorders like diabetes mellitus with oral antidiabetic drugs or insulin depending on the severity of diabetes mellitus condition.
A proper balanced nutritious diet containing less potassium and regular follow-up with a nephrologist is the most critical part of the treatment plan, which can reduce the long-term risk for hospitalization due to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and malnutrition.
Symptoms of kidney disease may include:
– Cloudy or abnormally dark urine. This could be a sign of excess waste in the blood, which can happen if your kidneys aren’t working correctly.
– Decreased frequency of urination or an increased need to urinate during the night. Your body may conserve water if your kidneys are not functioning well due to kidney disease, causing you to feel thirsty more often. You’ll also have less tolerance for fluids because fluids build up in the tissues when the kidneys are not removing fluid from the body through average urine production.
– Feeling tired and weak frequently, even after you’ve had enough sleep – Side effects from medications – Puffy eyes or face – Loss of appetite – Soreness of the mouth or changes in taste
– Fever – Unusual bleeding or bruising – Shortness of breath – Decreased urine output
– Swelling of your ankles, feet, abdomen, or side. This may be a sign that you are retaining fluid. Fluid retention is more likely to happen if you have kidney disease. – Itching
The first step for treating chronic kidney disease is to make dietary changes that promote healthy living and slow down the progression of the disease.
The following are steps that can help manage your condition:
1) Maintaining a low potassium diet
2) Daily management of blood pressure
3) Daily management of cholesterol
4) Daily exercise
5) Daily fluid intake
6) Dietary supplements
7) Phosphorus binders
8) Vitamin D supplements
9) Anti-anxiety medications
what color is urine when your kidneys are failing:- For people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), one of the dangers is that their kidneys cannot adequately filter toxins from the blood. The more toxic your blood, the darker brown or almost black your urine will be.
What color is your poop when your kidneys are failing:
Diarrhea is usually dark brown or black, sometimes tinged with blood. Rarely does bowel movement change the color of urine that much? Telling them apart isn’t difficult – you need to look at other signs and symptoms as well. Blood in the stool can signify more severe internal bleeding, even if it’s not visible to the naked eye.
If you have kidney disease, this could also indicate internal bleeding somewhere else in your body, such as stomach ulcers or varicose veins. So seeing red poo may suggest that something more serious has gone wrong inside your body. It’s always best to seek medical advice if you’re concerned about your health.
How to check for kidney disease:
Kidney Disease Symptoms:
When Your Kidneys Start to Fail – Evidence suggests that early diagnosis and intervention can slow or even halt the progression of chronic renal failure, especially if it is caught early by monitoring urine protein levels in a simple urine test.
This is why people with diabetes need to have their kidneys checked regularly. If you have diabetes, you should have your kidneys checked at least every two years. The American Diabetes Association recommends an annual urinalysis, which measures how well your kidneys filter out a urinary protein called microalbuminuria testing.
– It may be difficult to distinguish between dark yellow urine caused by dehydration and dark brown or black urine caused by kidney disease. If you are experiencing dark yellow urine, you need to stay hydrated. When your kidneys detect dehydration, they make less of the hormone that allows your body to hold onto fluids (also known as antidiuretic hormone or ADH), so drinking more water does not mean that you will release more juice into your urine.
chronic kidney disease stages:
Kidney failure symptoms depend on how much kidney function you have lost. There are five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the symptoms often worsen as the kidneys lose more function.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on either side of your lower back. Each is about the size of a fist and comprises millions of tiny blood capillaries or filters. Blood is filtered through these delicate blood vessels to remove urea from the body as urine.
What Causes Kidneys to Fail?
The most common causes of chronic kidney disease include diabetes, high blood pressure, polycystic kidney disease, and glomerulonephritis (an inflammation in the kidneys that destroys their filtering units).
Chronic renal failure may develop over the years due to one or more diseases, such as diabetes mellitus or glomerulonephritis, or it may occur acutely following an injury such as a blow to the kidneys or surgical removal of the kidney.
1) High Blood Pressure
3) Chronic Glomerulonephritis
4) Polycystic Kidney Disease
5) Bladder Cancer
6) Kidney Tumors
7) Acute Tubular Necrosis
9) Renal Artery Stenosis
10) Kidney Transplant
11) Medication side effects
symptoms of kidney failure:
1. Dark Urine:
As your kidneys become less functional, your body will retain extra fluid to push toxins out through the urine. This will cause you to urinate more frequently, and it will darken in color due to these high levels of toxins.
2. Swelling in the Extremities:
Excess fluid will build up around your ankles, and lower legs as your kidneys lose their filtering capacity. Try elevating your feet to bring relief.
3. Pale or Flushed Skin:
When your kidneys aren’t working correctly, they can’t filter out wastes from the blood as quickly, causing a buildup of toxins which manifests as yellowing skin and a greyish tint to the whites of the eyes. At first, this may indicate simply that you’re dehydrated, but if it continues for a long time or is accompanied by other symptoms such as dark urine and fatigue, consults a doctor immediately.
stages of chronic kidney disease:
1) Stage 1 – Kidneys are functioning at 60 percent or less. You will have no symptoms, but your doctor may find decreased urine, high blood pressure, or anemia during routine testing.
2) Stage 2 – At this point, the kidneys are functioning at 30 to 59 percent, and you may experience some of the same symptoms as in stage 1.
3) Stage 3 – Loss of kidney function is greater than 30 percent (stage 3). Other changes that may occur include swelling around the ankles; intense itchy skin; nausea; vomiting; poor appetite or taste; sleep problems; feeling tired all the time; high blood pressure; and darker colored urine. Chronic kidney disease treatment begins to focus on slowing the further loss of function using medication, dialysis, or kidney transplant.